Newshub18 :There is always ‘sweater weather’, ‘NASA’ found a place to live on the moon!
Finally, the moon was found to be habitable. The temperature, according to scientists, is as comfortable as wearing a light sweater. According to researchers at the University of California – Los Angeles in the United States, this discovery is very important. Because, as a result, people will be able to build a safe and permanent base camp on the moon in the future. As a result, it will be possible to live on the lunar surface for a long time. Astronauts will be able to visit and conduct research in the future space station.
In fact, the main challenge in sending humans to the moon has always been dealing with the extreme lunar climate. Inventing technologies to deal with that climate. During the day, the temperature of the lunar surface is 126 degrees Celsius or 260 degrees Fahrenheit. People can get burned, it’s so hot. Again at night the temperature drops to well below freezing, -173 degrees Celsius or 280 degrees Fahrenheit. That is, people will instantly freeze into ice figures. Hence the need for cooling and heating technology. An even bigger challenge is providing the power to drive that technology.
However, scientists have discovered a place in the Moon’s chest cavity, where the daytime temperature always hovers around 17 degrees Celsius or 63 degrees Fahrenheit. These craters were first discovered on the lunar surface in 2009, according to NASA. Scientists found several cave-like places inside it. They are believed to be used as shelters in the future.
How are these caves formed? Of the more than 200 craters discovered on the moon, about 16 are likely collapsed lava tubes. As molten lava flows down the cooled lava-field, a thin crust forms over the lava flow. which subsequently takes the shape of a long, hollow tube. If the sealing of this tube or part of the tube collapses, a cavity forms in the rest of the tube.
Recently, in a new study published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, researchers from the University of California – Los Angeles evaluated images of the lunar surface taken by NASA’s robotic Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. Those pictures were taken over a long period of time. By evaluating the researchers wanted to know, is the temperature inside the holes and caves different from the temperature of the rest of the lunar surface? They found that there is a roughly cylindrical area the size of a football field 100 meters deep, where the temperature is very comfortable. There is permanent shade. Day-night temperature fluctuates little. The place is located in an area of the moon known as ‘Mer Tranquilitatis’.
According to the researchers, if lunar basecamps were built in the shaded parts of these craters, scientists would no longer have to worry about temperature control. They can then focus on other challenges such as how to produce food, maintain oxygen supplies, collect other resources for experiments, and expand the scope of the basecamp. Craters or caves can also provide protection from cosmic rays, solar radiation, and small meteorites. David Page, a co-author of the paper, said, “Humans evolved by living in caves. We can go back to the cave while we are on the moon.