Newshub18 :Biden will have to pay the price of keeping Iran at bay.
US President Joe Biden visited Saudi Arabia, Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories last week. His visit to the Middle East is seen as an attempt to strengthen relations between Israel and the Arab states. But there are risks. The issue of not reviving the Iran nuclear deal has been discussed more than the success of this visit. Johns Hopkins University professor and senior fellow at the Center for International Policy, Melvin Goodman shed light on the whole situation.
US President Joe Biden is initially doing many of the simple things that were destroyed during the miserable tenure of his predecessor, Donald Trump; Much like picking the fruit within reach and putting it in a basket. Biden strengthened the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or NATO, the military alliance of the West; Rejoined the Paris Climate Agreement. Similarly, he returned to the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Human Rights Council. Trump took the United States out of these places.
But Biden appears to be a little too scared to try to fix Trump’s mess with international security. Trump’s retaliatory tariffs on Chinese imports remain in place. However, the withdrawal of these tariffs will improve Sino-American bilateral relations and save the US economy from the cycle of inflation.
On the other hand, going back to the nuclear deal will create an opportunity to improve US relations with Iran. In this regard, the continued pressure of Israel and Saudi Arabia on the United States may also be a decision.President Joe Biden’s visit to Israel and Saudi Arabia last week highlighted that the Biden administration will be caught in the net laid by Trump from Jerusalem to RiyadhBiden visited Saudi Arabia, cap in hand; Modest Biden asked Saudi authorities to increase oil production. His meeting with Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the picture of the two shaking hands – the whole world saw.
Not going back to the nuclear deal with Iran is a fatal mistake for Biden; As a result, the region may have to pay a high price. Although the agreement called The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) did not protect US interests, Jerusalem and Riyadh suffered the consequences. The entire international community is concerned about the proliferation of nuclear weapons.This nuclear deal is one of the biggest victories of former US President Barack Obama. The country’s then Secretary of State John Kerry was the ambassador in this regard. Arguably, this achievement made him the country’s most successful foreign minister in the last three decades.
The nuclear deal was the result of a multilateral diplomatic exercise, conducted cautiously. Along with major European powers, Russia and China reached an international agreement to ratify the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) in force since 1969.Iran agreed to allow International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) representatives to observe. At the same time, the country agreed to reduce the amount of uranium enrichment and send enriched uranium to Russia. They also talked about reducing the number of centrifuges for uranium enrichment. Even Israel’s national security experts praised the deal.
The agreement had the potential to usher the potentially conflictual situation in the Persian Gulf into an era of possible political and diplomatic reconciliation. But Trump and his national security adviser, John Bolton, rejected the deal. As a result, the issue of reducing the US military presence in the region has become moot. President Biden should renegotiate the deal. Any success in curbing Iran’s (as well as North Korea’s) nuclear program could create an opportunity for the US and Russia to reduce their nuclear arsenals.
As Joe Biden must know, as much as the US is doing or is prepared to do for Israel, it will never seem like enough to the Israeli leadership. Earlier, two Democrat presidents, Jimmy Carter and Barack Obama, worked for Israel’s security, but their initiatives were never appreciated.As part of restoring the deal, Biden must remove Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps from its list of “foreign terrorist organizations.” Trump added the Guard to that list during his tenure. Although the listing of terrorist organizations is largely symbolic, Biden has been reluctant to delist the forces for fear of Republican backlash. As a result, he missed a great opportunity.
(Similarly, Biden was prepared to restore relations between the two sides by reopening the US consulate in East Jerusalem and the Palestinian mission to the United States. He wanted to do this immediately after taking office as presidentBut fearing pro-Israel Democratic leaders in the US Congress did not go any further.)
By talking about the use of military force against Iran as a ‘last resort’, Joe Biden has served the interests of Israel and Saudi Arabia. Instead of answering the Israeli journalist’s question about it, Biden should have sidestepped it, instead trying to appease Israel’s political leadership. Unfortunately he brought up the possible use of force. On the other hand, defense cooperation between Israel and various Gulf countries and the United States has increased in recent times. In this background, instability in the region may increase.
The United States should not enter into any security agreements or agreements with anyone in the region. That is, no promises can be made and no risks can be taken.
If the United States wants to play a role in the stability of the Middle East, to limit its military presence, then Saudi Arabia and Iran must be encouraged to sit at the negotiating table. A ceasefire is now underway in Yemen. The reality is that in recent years there has not been a better opportunity to push the two sides to start talking.
The US needs to stop hyping up the Iranian threat. In view of this, Iran is increasing closeness with failed states like Lebanon, Syria and Yemen. Frankly, the role of these failed states in US national security is virtually nil.Furthermore, Iranians are Muslims, but Shiites, but not Arabs. As a result, their potential long-term success in the Sunni-dominated Middle East must be limited. From Morocco to Indonesia, the majority of people in over 40 countries are Sunni Muslims. More than 90 percent of the total population of Egypt, Jordan and Saudi Arabia are Sunni Muslims. And globally more than 85 percent of Muslims are Sunni.
As Joe Biden must know, as much as the US is doing or is prepared to do for Israel, it will never seem like enough to the Israeli leadership. Earlier, two Democrat presidents, Jimmy Carter and Barack Obama, worked for Israel’s security, but their initiatives were never appreciated.Israel’s lasting relationship with Egypt began with the mediation of Jimmy Carter. Obama, on the other hand, signed a bill related to military aid, known as the Arms Aid Bill. This is unprecedented in the history of bilateral relations between the United States and Israel. But still the Israeli media called it ‘anti-Semitic’.
In the face of the fifth election in four years, Israel does not have a stable government. Under such circumstances, Biden’s visit to the country was largely symbolic and did not show any satisfactory progress.The Biden administration is seeking to reduce its military presence in the region without joining the Iran nuclear deal. But in this case the agreement can be a ‘significant regulator’. The Russia-Ukraine war has created an international energy crisis. As a result, Washington has to increase its dependence on the oil of Saudi Arabia and other countries belonging to the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
Biden’s interest in a possible military solution to denuclearize Iran, even talking about such a move as a ‘last resort’, was unnecessarily appeasing the wishes of Saudi Arabia and Israel.All in all, Biden’s visit to the Middle East has highlighted the weak US influence in the region. His visit further complicated Iran’s return to the nuclear deal and increased the ability of Israel and Saudi Arabia to play a role in challenging US policy.
The visit reinforced the notion that the measure of US military capability in the region rests solely on the country’s political and diplomatic influence. Specifically, Biden’s visit to Israel was pointless. During that visit, he met with the country’s caretaker prime minister, Yair Lapid, and paid virtually no attention to the Palestinians